Isopan technology for the hospital sector: the new project for a modular intensive care unit
A pre-assembled intensive care unit ready in just over two months: it is the new project designed by Manni Green Tech and made possible by the synergy of companies and professionals in the industry.
A real team effort that also involved Isopan: in this health emergency, the entire Manni Group, a leading company in the steel industry with 75 years of history, has chosen to make its know-how available to give a tangible response to the hospital crisis and renew its commitment for a sustainable construction industry of the future.
The modular structure is able to provide up to 20 beds, by combining rapid intervention and healthcare requirements; a solution intended to deal with the COVID-19 emergency, but which may be applied in many healthcare areas even in the long term.
A dry-build hospital module
The modular intensive care unit is the result of an actual industrialised design and prefabrication process for hospital facilities, making it possible to overcome the typical limitations of field hospitals or the conversion of construction site containers for temporary installations.
The solution stands out for its fast delivery and ease of installation: the entire process from manufacturing to full operation, in fact, only takes 69 days and the module is delivered 90% pre-assembled, complete with all systems. Thanks to the steel load-bearing structure, it does not require foundations, but only connections to the local electricity mains, water and sewer network; a drywall envelope completes the structure. The basic module can accommodate from 8 to 20 inpatients and its combinations can adapt to multiple functional and healthcare-related requirements, in addition to space constraints on site.
A team effort
Manni Green Tech, the company of the Group specialised in light steel dry construction systems, took care of the design and engineering stage of the modular unit; Manni Sipre, which manufactures pre-fabricated structural steel elements, supplied heavy structural steelwork to build the structure; finally, Isopan supplied the roofing panels and the internal and external walls.
The Group also collaborated with the two companies Stylcasa Architettura D’Interni, which has been carrying out construction work in the healthcare sector for 38 years and has consolidated experience in dry construction systems, and Idrotermica Coop, a leading company in the plant engineering industry, with over 40 years of experience in the hospital sector. The design team also made use of the professionalism of Arch. Andrea Ragazzini for the General Project and the coordination of specialist designs, by Eng. Massimiliano Finotti for the Mechanical Systems project and by STELG Eng. Cenni Ind. Tech. Berardi for the Electrical and Special Systems design.
The construction technology
The system has been designed with an anti-seismic self-supporting steel structure that does not require foundations and is perfectly suited to dry cladding systems: insulating sandwich panels on the outside, walls with slab finish on the inside.
The materials that make up dry systems offer multiple advantages in terms of sustainability: they are lightweight and thus easy to transport, minimise worksite waste, and are reusable and recyclable. Steel, in fact, is 100% recyclable and ensures an accurate estimation of the amount of material required for the construction, the times and costs of the construction site.
Isopan sandwich panels
The insulating metal panels are also lightweight, versatile and easy to assemble; they also guarantee excellent performance in terms of thermal insulation, sound absorption, air tightness and reaction to fire, with minimal thickness.
The walls and the roofing of the module are made with sandwich panels, consisting of internal and external sheet metal facing and an insulating layer made of rock wool.
The following Isopan products are used:
- External wall: ISOFIRE WALL with reaction to fire A2-s1, d0 (incombustible)
- Internal wall: ISOFIRE WALL PIANO with reaction to fire A2-s1, d0 (incombustible)
- ROOFING: ISOFIRE WALL PV STEEL with reaction to fire B-s1,d0
Short description of the project
The optimal version for 18 beds includes:
- 16 ICU beds
- 2 isolation beds
- 43 sqm per bed
- 125 sqm of utility rooms
- 720 sqm of operational surface area
- 69 days from order confirmation to full operation
The 5 strengths of the system
Modularity and seriality: the space allocation and functional plan is designed based on a single, easily transportable structural module, which can accommodate from 8 to 20 beds.
Flexibility and speed: the basic module and its combinations can adapt to multiple functional and healthcare-related requirements; the modules are delivered 90% pre-assembled, complete with primary and secondary system distribution.
Reliability and durability: the materials used ensure long-term durability and efficiency, also exceeding the response times linked to the current emergency; an actual process of industrialised prefabrication for hospital facilities.
Systems and equipment: the functional unit comes with all components, with standard outfitting for each bed, to be implemented with equipment such as bed head units and pendant systems with resuscitation devices.
Regulatory compliance: the functional unit is designed with the aim of complying with the national regulations and guidelines and with the specific requirements for Healthcare Unit Accreditation, fire safety, and health and hygiene regulations.